Emma, Queen Regent of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, personally signed a two-page letter dated November 2, 1894 to President Sanford B. Dole, recognizing the Republic of Hawaii. A two-page translation into English was certified as accurate by the Netherlands local consul in Honolulu, John Paty, who also sent a cover letter to Hawaiian Minister of Foreign Affairs Francis M. Hatch.
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Original letter signed by Queen Emma:
English translation certified as accurate by Honolulu Netherlands consul:
Honolulu consul for Netherlands cover letter accompanying Queen’s letter: